The effects of different mode of melatonin administration on the development of high-calorie diet-induced obesity in rats

O. Kalmykova, A. Yurchenko, M. Dzerzhinsky
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv; Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv; Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv

Abstract


Currently, opportunities for the melatonin use in the obesity treatment are being studied because of his action on the:
normalization of adipocyte secretion, the reduction of the pro-inflammatory state in adipose tissue, the stimulation of the beige
adipocytes appearance, modulation of the eating behavior via influence on hypothalamic signals, and thermoregulation through
affecting on brown adipocyte function, however, the mode, pathways and dose levels of the administration require detailed
research. The aim of our study was to determine the influence of melatonin different time and mode treatment on body weight
changes of diet-induced (high-calorie diet, HCD) obesity in rats. Melatonin was administered daily by gavage for 7 weeks in dose
30 mg/kg either 1 h after lights-on (ZT01) or 1 h before lights-off (ZT11) or continuously with drinking water (HCD water).
Parameters, including weight gain, weight gain rate, body mass index, Lee index, related visceral fat weight, relative daily food
and water consumption, were measured. Melatonin use significantly reduce weight gain rate in HCD ZT11 and HCD water group
in 2 and 2,5 times; Lee index – by 6,6 % and 7,3 %; related visceral fat mass – by 38,5 %, respectively in compare with HCD.
Animals without HCD which obtain melatonin did not change observed parameters, accept relative visceral fat mass (it was
decreased in rely to control). The effects of different modes melatonin administration manifested in decrease weight gain rate,
Lee index and relative visceral fat mass in rats with diet-induced obesity only after evening administration, as well as after
delivery continuously with drinking water without any effect on food and water consumption.


Keywords


melatonin, obesity, high-fat diet, chronobiology, visceral adipose tissue mass

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Received in the editorial: 24.09.2018

Received the revised version: 25.10.2018

Signed for press: 25.10.2018


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