Y. Holota, A. Bazan, G. Tolstanova
; Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine; Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine


Сeftriaxone administration for 14 days (300 mg/kg, i.m.) increased level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and decreased the activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase antioxidant enzymes in the colon mucosa of rats immediately after antibiotics injection. On the 29th day of the experiment (in 14 days after ceftriaxone withdrawal) the level of TBA-active substances still 2.5-fold (P <0.05) exceeded the control value and SOD activity remained below control values to the 72nd day of the experiment. These were accompanied by decreased level of protein thiol groups in 15 and 29 days 1.9-fold (P <0.05) and 1.4-fold (P = 0.08), respectively. Thus antibiotics can lead to long-term oxidative disturbance in the colon mucosa of rats.


ceftriaxone; colon; oxidative stress


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