Effect of music lessons on the implementation of direct and inverse Stroop tests

A. Okhrei, T. Kutsenko, M. Makarchuk
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv; Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv; Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv

Abstract


To estimate the functioning of attention system by results of direct and reverse Stroop tests in musicians and non-musicians. Participants were students of the National Academy of Music (musicians) and their peers from the ESC "Institute of Biology" without musical experience (nonmusicians). Participants passed direct and reverse Stroop tests giving answers with both hands. During the direct Stroop test interference effect was revealed in both groups for both hands. Analysis of congruent stimuli revealed that musicians have no motor asymmetry and their responses were faster than non-musicians' ones. Incongruent stimuli increased the number of errors of both hands in the non-musicians and only of the left hand in musicians. During reverse Stroop test interference effect was observed in non-musicians for both hands and only for left hand in musicians. The total number of errors didn't differ between groups.
Musicians and non-musicians have the same efficiency of attention system by the total number of errors. Incongruent stimuli lead to increased cognitive control of the left hemisphere and to emergence of motor asymmetry in musicians. Non-musicians demonstrated motor asymmetry during analysis of both congruent and incongruent stimuli.

Keywords


musicians, non-musicians, direct Stroop test, reverse Stroop test

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/2616_6410.2016.21.14-18

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