Spring flora of Lutsk and Partisan forestry of Kivertsiv National Natural Park "Tsumanska Puscha"

I. Кuzmishyna, V. Vojtiuk, V. Derkach, N. Merlenko, O. Bezsmertna
Volyn National University Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk; Volyn National University Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk; Kivertsyvsky National Natural Park "Tsumanskaya Pushcha", Kivertsy; Kivertsyvsky National Natural Park "Tsumanskaya Pushcha", Kivertsy; Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv

Abstract


In the frame of identification of the Ukrainian Polissya rare vegetation the most attention is paid to the boreal species and groups. Deciduous
forests with sinuses of spring ephemeroids remain unstudied in Polissya that's why the urgency of their research in the forests of Volyn Polissya
is important, especially in the Kivertsy National Nature Park "Tsumanska Pushcha". The research of the spring ephemeroids composition and
rare plant species identification on the territory of the plots of "Volyn Military Forestry" and "Tsumanske Forestry" within the Kivertsy National
Nature Park "Tsumanska Pushcha" were aim of the study. At the beginning of the 2021 vegetation period 16 spring ephemeroids were found in 38 parcel of Lutsk forestry and 41 parcel of the Partisan Forestry (both belong to the Kivertsy NPP "Tsumanska Pushcha") by the employees of the NPP together with the scientists of Volyn National University named after Lesya Ukrainka. There were identified Adoxa moschatellina L., Allium ursinum L., Anemone nemorosa L., A. ranunculoides L., Corydalis cava Schweigg. et. Korte., C. solida (L.) Clairv., Dentaria glandulosa Waldst. & Kit., Ficaria verna Huds., Hepatica nobilis Mill., Isopyrum thalictroides L., Lathraea squamaria L., Lathyrus vernus (L.) Bernh., Mercurialis perennis L., Primula veris L., Pulmonaria obscura Dumort., Ranunculus cassubicus L. The monitoring research was set for populations of Allium ursinum (Ukrainian Red Data Book) and regional rare species in Volyn Region: Corydalis cava, Dentaria glandulosa, Hepatica nobilis, Isopyrum thalictroides, Hepatica nobilis (spring ephemeroids), Vinca minor (spring-flowering species) and Hedera helix (wintergreen species). The studied ephemeroid plants amount 2.52 % of the total number of vascular plants of Tsumanska Pushcha and 1.14 % of the flora of Volyn Polissya. According to the results of monitoring studies for Allium ursinum, the coenopopulation of the species generally has a left-handed spectrum, remains homeostatic, and the number of individuals is maintained by seed and vegetative propagation. Creation of the ecological trail "Spring-flowering plants of Kivertsy NPP "Tsumanska Pushcha" is proposed.


Keywords


spring ephemeroids, Lutsk forestry, Partyzanske forestry, protection

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Received: 03.05.2021

Revised: 04.06.2021

Signed for the press: 04.06.2021




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728_2748.2021.85.27-32

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