Rare phytogenofund of Verkhovynsky national nature park and its analysis

L. Matsapiak
National Park "Verkhovyna", Upper Ash

Abstract


The importance of conserving biodiversity, reflected in a number of international instruments other than the Convention on Biological Diversity. In this context, rare visions deserve special attention, which are the most understandable, because rarity precedes extinction. Especially relevant are the studies of rare views in the Ukrainian Carpathians, which is the smallest anthropogenically altered territory of Ukraine. Conservation of biotic diversity in this region is of European importance, which is reflected in the international "Framework Convention for the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians". Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the rare phytogenus fund allow to characterize the level of uniqueness of flora, serve as a basis for the formation of regional Red Lists and allow to organize adequate environmental measures. Sozological characteristics of flora of different levels imply, for all, the analysis of representation is transformed into its composition of taxa listed in the "red" lists of different levels – international, national, regional. A rare component of the flora of the Verkhovynsky National Nature Park includes 125 species of vascular plants with international, national and regional sociological status.Of these, 64 species of plants listed in the Red Book of Ukraine, 3 species listed in the IUCN Red List, 7 species listed in the European Red List, 2 species – in Annex I of the Bern Convention, 2 species – in Annexes IIb and IVb of the EU Directive on the conservation of population and species of natural fauna and flora. 21 species – listed in CITES Appendix II, 26 species in the Regional Red List. Thus, a third (32.3%) of the "Red Book" species of vascular plants of the Ivano-Frankivsk region are protected on the territory of the Park, in addition, it is 29.9% of the "Red Book" species of plants of the Ukrainian Carpathians. The leading families of the rare component of the flora of
Verkhovynsky National Park are Orchidaceae. The second and third positions are occupied by the breeds Ranunculaceae and Asteraceae.In general, the first three families account for 39.6% of the species composition of the list. In total, the first nine taxa cover more than two thirds (64.9%) of the species composition of the list. According to the results of good analysis, it is established that the number of rare species and their localities located on the mountain massifs: Gnetesa-Fatiya Banului, Preluky-Hitanka, Lostun-Glistuvata, Palenytsia-Komanova, and attached to the largest rare species to the mid-mountain phenomenon.

Keywords


distribution, rare species, preservation, flora, rarity component, Verkhovynsky National Park, Chivchyno- Hryniavsky Mountains

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Received: 05.01.2021

Revised: 01.02.2021

Signed for the press: 01.02.2021




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728_2748.2021.84.27-34

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