The state of psychophysiological functions in handball players with different experience of sports training

S. Fedorchuk, Ye. Petrushevskyi
National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv; National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv

Abstract


The aim of the study was to compare the state of psychophysiological functions of highly qualified handball players with different experience of sports training (special training). To determine the state of psychophysiological functions of athletes diagnostic complex "Diagnostics-1" was used (MV Makarenko, VS Lyzogub). In accordance with the purpose of the work, we studied the properties of the nervous system (functional mobility and strength of nervous processes), the efficiency of sensorimotor activity and the dynamics of nervous processes in feedback, the latency of complex response reactions of choice, the accuracy of response to a moving object. Higher psychophysiological status in terms of the strength of nervous processes (both in the feedback mode and during long-term sensorimotor loads in the mode of imposed rhythm) was demonstrated by athletes of the older age group with more experience of sports training. Athletes of older and younger age groups did not differ in the level of functional mobility of nervous processes and accuracy of reaction to a moving object. Therefore, we can assume that athletes with less experience of sports training in the state of these psychophysiological functions have reached the level of athletes of the older age group, ie the level of maximum realization of individual capabilities. The identified differences in the individual-typological properties of the higher parts of the central nervous system in female handball players with different sports experience can have prognostic value and be used to optimize sports improvement in this sport.

Keywords


highly qualified sportswomen, state of psychophysiological functions, experience of sports training, handball

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Received: 14.05.2020

Revised: 16.06.2020

Signed for press: 16.06.2020




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728_2748.2020.81.42-45

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