Analysis of flora of water plants of the National nature park "Verkhovinskiy"

L. Matsapiak
National Park "Verkhovyna", Upper Ash

Abstract


The systematic structure of the flora of the Verkhovyna National Nature Park was analyzed, followed by the implementation of criticallytaxonomic, biomorphological, geographical analyzes, and the sosological value of the flora was analyzed.It has been established that 675 species of higher vascular plants belonging to 5 divisions are present in the flora. Dominated by Magnoliophyta – 93.6%, the ratio of Magnoliopsida to Liliopsida is 1: 3.2, which is characteristic of the flora of Central Europe.This is evidenced by the approximately equal age of the flora of NSAIDs, the Ukrainian Carpathians and Central Europe.Therefore, we conducted a systematic analysis that confirmed that the flora of the park is typical Central European with pronounced boreal features. According to the analysis of the geographical structure, the flora of NP Verkhovynskyi was found to be of the Central European type with the predominance of elements of montane, oceanic, temperant and subtemperate flora. At the same time, the composition of species typical for the Euro-Asian boreal subcontinental flora is significant in its composition. The analysis of the ecological structure of the flora indicates the predominance in its composition of mesophytes, mesotrophs, and heliophytes, which is characteristic of the flora of Central Europe. Thus, we conducted a systematic analysis, which confirmed that the flora of Verkhovyna NPP testifies to the Central European character and its belonging to the montane-boreal subtype its found that 71.4 % of the flora species of the Ukrainian Carpathians are threatened globally, 36.4% are endangered on the European scale, 47.8% are endemic and 54.2 % are subendemic within the territory of the park. The highest level of sosological significance is characteristic of the Gnetes-Fatia Banului arrays (63 rare species), Preluki-Hitanka – (53 species).

Keywords


flora, vascular plants, endemics, rare species, NPP "Verhovinsky", Chivchino – Grinyavsky mountains

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Received: 04.10.2019

Revised: 04.11.2019

Signed for the press: 04.11.2019




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728_2748.2019.79.48-54

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