Vertebrates of local landscape Feofaniya

S. Koniakin, T. Shupova, L. Gubar, A. Bilushenko
Institute for Evolutionary Ecology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv; Institute for Evolutionary Ecology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv; Institute for Evolutionary Ecology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv; Cherkassy Zoological Park, Cherkassy

Abstract


The local landscape Feofaniya is located on the outskirts of the Kyiv and represents communities of native oak wood with high density of ancient trees and hornbeam forest, steppe meadow, culture phytocenoses, cascade of ponds, stream. For the period 2012-2018 11 species of fish, 8
amphibians, 7 reptiles, 111 birds, 29 mammals were identified. Of these, 82.0 % of species are protected internationally, 8.9 % at the state level of the Ukraine, 12.6 % are regionally rare. In 81% of animal species, the reproductive site passes through the tract, and in half of them the whole life cycle. 19 % of the species composition of birds (Aves) are sedentary, 58 % arrive for nesting, 12 % for feeding, 9 % for wintering, 2 % for migratory (Regulus ignicapillus, Nucifraga caryocatactes). 82.8 % of mammals (Mammalia) are sedentary, 10.3 % are migratory (Pipistrellus nathusii, Pipistrellus pygmaeu, Nyctalus leisleri), 6.9 % with unexplained status (Neovison vison, Capreolus capreolus). The local landscape has 12 alien species. Carassius gibelio, Ctenopharyngodon idella, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix released into ponds with the purpose of stocking. Trachemys seripta elegans bring vacationers to the ponds. Pseudorasbora parva, Perccottus glenii, Streptopelia decaocto, Dendrocopos syriacus, Phoenicurus ochruros, Serinus serinus, Ondatra zibet, Pipistrellus kuhlii, Neovison vison penetrated the local landscape independently from neighboring biotopes. Thanks to biotechnical measures aimed at improving the living conditions of animals (protection of natural nests and the creation of artificial ones), hanging feeders in the winter, hanging shelters for daytime and wintering bats. The negative impact on the biotopes of Feofaniya from the side of recreants is somewhat leveled at the expense of educational work with vacationers. The most relevant propaganda work is aimed at educating
correct behavior in nature, explaining the need to protect all plant and animal species, their biotopes, and explaining the consequences of disturbing the balance of sustainable development of ecosystems.

Keywords


forest-steppe zone biotopes, local landscape Feofaniya, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia, adventitious vertebrates

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Received: 06.05.2019

Revised: 07.06.2019

Accepted & Published: 07.06.2019




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728_2748.2019.78.19-28

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