Mosquito (Diptera; Culicidae) of Pyriatyn district

N. Kilochytska, O. Stetsenko
ESC "Institute of Biology & Medicine", Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv; ESC "Institute of Biology & Medicine", Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Abstract


The research of the species diversity and ecological features of mosquitoes is an important stage in the development of insects' quantity control
methods. The areas with low anthropogenic influence, among which a particular place is given to the special nature reserve areas, may serve as
a model for this kind of studies. Until now, neither the species composition of mosquitoes from Pyryatin district nor the special features of their
development and dispersal were not investigated, that establishes an academic and practical relevance of the current work.
The aim of this investigation was to determine the species composition of mosquitoes, to make an analysis of the groups structure and to determine
ecological features of adults that belong to common bloodsucking species. Research material of the years 2014-2015 was collected from Pyryatin district,
which includes the National Park (NNP) "Pyryatinskyi." Gathering and collection of material were performed by conventional methods.
The 20 species and subspecies of 5 mosquito generas – Anopheles, Coguillettidia, Aëdes, Ochlerotatus, and Culex were registered in the
Pyryatyn district. Aëdes cinereus (dominance index: Di – 34%), Culex modestus (Di – 18%) and Aëdes vexans (Di – 16%) appeared to be mass species. According to given environmental characteristics, these mosquitoes are anthropophilous, eurygamous, eurytopic and mostly exophilic bloodsuckers. Aë.
vexans in residential areas has shown itself to be an exophilic and endophilic bloodsucker. These types under certain circumstances may pose a potential epidemic danger.


Keywords


mosquito, Pyryatin region, species composition

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728_2748.2017.74.37-39

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